Leptospirosis cases jump in St Vincent and the Grenadines
St Vincent and the Grenadines recorded 15 confirmed cases of Leptospirosis over the past 47 weeks.
The revelation was made by the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment there.
It said of this number, 80 percent of cases occurred in males, also noting that 73.3 percent of cases occurred in males aged 25 to 66 years old.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects both humans and animals.
Humans become infected through direct contact with the urine of infected animals or with a urine-contaminated environment. Person-to-person transmission is rare and rodents are implicated most often in human cases.
The Ministry is urging citizens to prevent the harborage of rodents on their premises.
Prevention strategies for human Leptospirosis include:
• Trimming overgrown vegetation and overhanging trees
• Proper storage and disposal of garbage
• Feeding pets during the day and properly disposing of all remaining food
• Avoid consuming foods (including fruits, vegetables and ground provisions) suspected to have been bitten by, or contaminated with, the droppings of rodents
• Elimination of rodents through the use of baits and traps.
The public is also advised that the early stages of the Leptospirosis disease include high fever, severe headache, muscle pain, chills, redness of the eyes, abdominal pain, jaundice, bleeding in the skin and mucous membranes, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash.
The Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment will continue to monitor vector activity and provide health education on rodent control.
Persons in St Vincent and the Grenadines requiring additional information on rodent control can contact the Vector Control Unit at telephone number 1-784-456-1991.